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Onderwerpen

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Education

Special education

Some children find learning difficult. It could then be best to go to a school for special education. In special education you get lessons in small groups and you are given more of an explanation. Your teacher decides whether you need to go to special education. They always consult with your parents first. Child refugees can also go to a school for special education. Types

Two types of special education.

Special primary education (sbo)

This is for children who have trouble reading. Or for children with behavioural problems. For instance if you argue a lot, you feel sad or are aggressive.

Special education (so) and continued special education (vso)

This is for children with a disability or a serious illness. An example of a school for special education is a school for the deaf.
Enrolment

This is how

The COA arranges that you can go to special education. If this doesn’t work, you can enrol yourself. Read about how to enrol for special education here:
  • Your parents report to the Permanent Student Care Committee (PCL). They check whether it is necessary for you to go to special education. There is a PCL in almost every town in the Netherlands.
  • Your parents will get a letter if the PCL finds you can go to special education. This is called a Speciaal Basisonderwijs Beschikking (special basic education order)
  • Your parents now have to find a school for special basic education.
  • Enrolment is then the same as for an ordinary school:
  • Ask your school whether you can enrol.
  • The school will explain how to enrol.
  • The school then gives you an individual education number. The school then knows who you are.
  • The school subsequently writes down this information:
    • your individual education number
    • your date of birth
    • whether you are a boy or a girl
    • the country and town you were born in
    • your first and last name
    • your address (street name, house number, postcode and town)
    • your nationality (which country you are a citizen of)
    • the telephone number(s) of your parent(s)
    • the date when you came to the Netherlands
  • Your school then passes on all this information to the DUO. This is an organisation that arranges everything about education in the Netherlands.
  • You will get an education number from DUO within eight weeks. Because of this number the school and DUO know who you are.
  This is laid down in article 40 of the Act on Primary Education. Read about how to enrol for special education or continued special education here
  • You need proof of need assessment to enrol. Proof of need assessment is proof that states you need special education. Request proof of need assessment from the Needs Assessment Committee.
  • If the Needs Assessment Committee feels you need special education, then you get proof with which your parents can choose. You go to a school for special education or you go to an ordinary school and get extra help.
When you have found a school, registration is as follows:
  • Register via the school
  • The school then gives you an individual education number. The school then knows who you are.
  • The school subsequently writes down this information:
    • your individual education number
    • your date of birth
    • whether you are a boy or a girl
    • the country and town you were born in
    • your first and last name
    • your address
    • your nationality (which country you are a citizen of)
    • the telephone number(s) of your parent(s)
    • the date when you came to the Netherlands
  • Your school then passes on all this information to the DUO. This is an organisation that arranges everything about education in the Netherlands.
  • You will get an education number of DUO within eight weeks. Because of this number the school and DUO know who you are.
  This is laid down in article 40b of the Act on Expertise Centres.
   

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