After primary school you go to secondary school. Here you don’t have just one teacher. You have a different teacher for each subject. There are several types of secondary schools: Practical education
Learning difficultiesSome people find it hard to learn. Practical education is then sometimes better. This means that you learn a specific job.
Leren voor een beroepIf you take lower intermediate vocational education, you learn a specific trade. For instance, hairdresser, plumber or secretary. Lower intermediate vocational education takes four years. There are four types of lower intermediate vocational education:
- Basic profession-oriented learning path (BB) (few lessons, mostly doing)
- Middle management-oriented learning path (KB) (slightly more lessons, but still mostly doing)
- Combined programme (GL) (doing and lessons)
- Theoretical pathway (TL) (mostly lessons)
Second highestHigher general secondary education is the second highest level of secondary school in the Netherlands. You get a lot of lessons and only a little bit of practice (doing things). Higher general secondary education takes five years. It enables you to become, for instance, a nurse or a teacher.
Highest educationPre-university education is the highest level of secondary school in the Netherlands. In total, this education lasts six years. When you have your diploma, you can take a Higher Professional Education course or go to university, where you can learn to become, for instance, a lawyer or doctor.
This is howAsk at school how you enrol. The school will write down the following information:
- Your date of birth
- Whether you are a boy or a girl
- The country and town you were born in
- Your first and last name
- Your address (street name, house number, postcode and town)
- Your nationality (which country you are a citizen of)
- Telephone number
- The date on which you arrived in the Netherlands
- Your individual education number: this is the number the school gives each pupil
Choosing yourselfYou can choose which school you go to. Sometimes the COA decides which school you go to. For instance because other secondary schools are all full up. Or because there is only one school near the asylum seekers centre for your studies. You can first try to discuss with the COA that you would still like to go to the school of your choice. If this doesn’t help, you can consult with your lawyer, or with the helpdesk of Defence for Children.
FreeYou don’t have to pay for secondary school. Below is information about other matters that do concern money: Extra money to help you If you just live in the Netherlands, you have to get used to the language, the school and life here. Your school can be given money of the government to give you some extra help. For this, your parents have to fill in a declaration, on which they write about their own education. Your parents also fill in the following:
- your last name
- your first name
- your date of birth
- your Citizen Service Number (V no.)
- You can first send a letter to your school. In the letter, mention that you have the right to a diploma by law. This regulation also applies to children without a residence permit. This is laid down in article 72 of the Secondary Education Act BES
- Write down the reason why you aren’t getting a diploma
- Go to court if you still aren’t getting a diploma. Arrange a lawyer for this
- The lawyer will ask the judge to make sure your school gives you a diploma after all